Top career options in the Cybersecurity domain
Cybersecurity is one of the top trending and evergreen domains within the IT sector. Cyber Security Professionals working in this domain ensure that the digital space remains secure without any major interruptions. They create architectures and infrastructures that are safe. They invest time in developing standard practices, procedures, and policies within an organization to ensure maximum security standards are in place to fend off cybercrimes, threats, and vulnerabilities. So let’s talk about the top career options that an aspiring professional today has in the IT security domain.
Top career path in the Cybersecurity domain
Network Security Engineer
It’s a very crucial role within the security context of an organization. A Network Security Engineer’s role within an organization is to protect its network infrastructure both internally and externally by implementing appropriate policies and procedures. If you are aspiring to become a Network Security Engineer, then learn computer network fundamentals, networking concepts, design, architecture, components, communication, devices, technologies, layers, and many more.
There are four types of computer networks, namely LAN (Local Area Network), PAN (Personal Area Network), MAN (Metropolitan Area Network), and WAN (Worldwide Area Network). A qualified Network Security Engineer must understand all about networks and how to ensure maximum safety to networks so that connectivity remains intact within the organization. They are tasked with vulnerability identification, improving automation, and maintenance for systems, switches, routers, VPNs, and a firewall.
Network Security Engineers earn upwards of USD 114,000 on average annually in the US, according to Indeed.com, and upwards of INR 542,000 on average annually in India, according to Payscale.com.
Cyber Security Analyst
A Cyber Security Analyst protects an organization’s network and system from cyber attacks. These professionals most research current IT trends, create contingency plans, review suspicious activities, report security breaches, and educate the rest of the company on security measures. They must ensure that all loopholes and security lapses have been patched and fixed.
Cybersecurity Analysts must conduct a series of tests like vulnerability testing, risk analysis, security assessments, etc. A part of their responsibilities lies in educating and training fellow employees on the best security practices to be followed to avoid any form of a security breach. Coming to the salary part, a Cyber Security Analyst earns an average salary of USD 77,032 in the US and INR 574,316 in India.
The Security Architect will design, create, and maintain security systems within an IT network, including computer systems and data. In short, they can be referred to as the go-to person in Cybersecurity. These professionals have an in-depth understanding of the organization’s technology infrastructure and architecture. Security Architects plan and research to design reliable, powerful, and flexible security architectures for all IT projects.
Without hiring a Security Architect to oversee all these tasks, a company’s security system is vulnerable to attacks. A Security Architect lays the foundation and maintains the security architecture based on the company’s needs. They also work closely with other teams in developing company policies and procedures surrounding the security of their data and systems that will set standard practices that employees must follow to ensure maximum security.
According to PayScale.com, Security Architects earn an average salary of INR 21,44,029 in India and USD 127,265 in the US annually.
Cyber Security Manager
After gaining years of experience in handling security systems and data, professionals could advance into managerial positions. One such role is Cyber Security Manager. They manage a team of security professionals to create strategies for strengthening the network and internet security to ensure high data security within the organization.
Cyber Security Managers ensure that the security protocols are maintained throughout the organization. Cyber Security Managers also perform regular checks on all servers, routers, switches, and connected devices to make sure there are no loopholes within the security.
According to Glassdoor.com, the average annual salary for Cyber Security Managers in India is upwards of INR 22,00,000 and USD 140,443 in the US.
Chief Information Security Officer (CISO)
The role of CISO is very crucial. They ensure that the security plan is in sync with the organization’s ambitions, operations capability, and technological advancements. CISO is a senior-level executive within an organization that oversees these responsibilities. According to a report made by PWC, 80% of companies now have CISO on their management team. The trend highlighted by PWC clearly shows the importance shown towards data security.
Companies or businesses are working towards minimizing security lapses and vulnerabilities to ensure maximum security at all times. The CISO works with high-rank professionals in identifying, developing, implementing, and maintaining processes across the organization to avoid any security breaches. They respond and ensure that appropriate standards and controls are set up that will mitigate security risks without causing business interruptions. CISO also oversees the implementation of security policies and procedures within an organization.
According to PayScale.com, CISO earns an annual average salary of INR 22,48,889 in India and USD 166,975 in the US.